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Cribrinopsis albopunctata Sanamyan et Sanamyan, 2006

(photos of Nadya Sanamyan, Russia: specimens from Kamchatka, NW Pacific)
   
Cribrinopsis albopunctata (Pacific "Urticina lofotensis")

Cribrinopsis albopunctata (Pacific "Urticina lofotensis") Cribrinopsis albopunctata (Pacific "Urticina lofotensis")

Cribrinopsis albopunctata (Pacific "Urticina lofotensis") Cribrinopsis albopunctata

Cribrinopsis albopunctata Cribrinopsis albopunctata (Pacific "Urticina lofotensis")

This common and widely distributed in North Pacific species is often wrongly named Urticina lofotensis. Actually, Urticina lofotensis is an invalid name applied originally to a very different European species currently known as Urticina eques. The fact that the Pacific specimens known as "Urticina lofotensis" do not belong to this species was recognized by European taxonomists for a long time (e.g. Manuel, 1981, 1988, Den Hartog, 1986) and discussed in details in our publication (Sanamyan, Sanamyan, 2006). Actually even a brief look on the photos of living European and Pacific specimens left no doubt that they belong to different species, the original European "Urticina lofotensis" is a very different species not resembling Pacific anemone externally. The Pacific species has white, always well visible verrucae on usually uniformly colored crimson column. In European species the verrucae are smaller, usually inconspicuous, they may be whitish, but often of the same colour as the column and the species look completely different. Surprisingly, despite these pronounced differences many websites and internet databases still wrongly list "Urticina lofotensis" as a valid Pacific species. The internal morphological differences between Pacific and European species are even more pronounced - actually these two species belong to two different genera having different internal morphology and different set of nematocysts (stinging capsules): valid name for European "Urticina lofotensis" is Urticina eques, and valid name for Pacific "Urticina lofotensis" is Cribrinopsis albopunctata.

In most specimens of Cribrinopsis albopunctata the cylindrical column is dark red or vermilion, sometimes paler, rose colored or white, becoming paler toward the base. White adhesive verrucae are arranged in longitudinal rows. The column may or may not have a few attached gravel particles or broken shells. The oral disk is commonly of the same ground colour as the column, or sometimes differently colored, greenish or olive. Dark red radial bands running from the middle of the oral disk, outline the tentacle bases and form a characteristic colour pattern. In the pale or white specimens the disk may be uniformly colored. The tentacles are conical, pointed and slightly longer than the radius of the oral disk, uniformly colored red, rose or white along most of their length, usually with the white patch on the bases.

 


Recent revision of Pacific species of Cribrinopsis:
SANAMYAN N.P., SANAMYAN K.E., 2006. The genera Urticina and Cribrinopsis (Anthozoa: Actiniaria) from the North-Western Pacific. Journal of Natural History, 40(7-8): 359-393.

Taxonomic position:
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Subclass: Hexacorallia
Superorder: Hexactiniida
Order: Actiniaria
Suborder: Nynantheae (Thenaria : Endomyaria)

Family: Actiniidae

Species: Cribrinopsis albopunctata Sanamyan and Sanamyan, 2006

Species list of sea anemones:
  • Acricoactis brachyacontis
  • Actinernus michaelsarsi
  • Actinia equina
  • Actinodendron sp
  • Actinostella bradleyi
  • Actinostephanus haeckeli
  • Actinostola chilensis
  • Actinothoe sphyrodeta
  • Adamsia palliata
  • Aiptasia couchii
  • Aiptasia mutabilis
  • Alicia mirabilis
  • Alicia sansibarensis
  • Allantactis parasitica
  • Amplexidiscus fenestrafer
  • Andresia parthenopea
  • Anemonia alicemartinae
  • Anemonia viridis
  • Antholoba achates
  • Anthopleura elegantissima
  • Anthopleura hermaphroditica
  • Anthopleura orientalis
  • Anthopleura sola
  • Anthopleura xanthogrammica
  • Anthothoe chilensis
  • Armactinia antarctica
  • Artemidactis victrix
  • Aulactinia vancouverensis
  • Aulactinia vladimiri
  • Bathyphellia margaritacea
  • Boloceroides mcmurrichi
  • Boloceropsis platei
  • Calliactis polypus
  • Cereus herpetodes
  • Cereus pedunculatus
  • Cerianthus lloydii
  • Charisea saxicola
  • Cnidopus japonicus
  • Condylactis aurantiaca
  • Condylactis gigantea
  • Corallimorphus karinae
  • Corallimorphus pilatus
  • Corynactis californica
  • Corynactis carnea
  • Corynactis viridis
  • Cribrinopsis albopunctata
  • Cribrinopsis crassa
  • Cribrinopsis olegi
  • Cryptodendrum adhaesivum
  • Dactylanthus antarcticus
  • Diadumene lineata
  • Discosoma nummiforme
  • Dofleinia armata
  • Edwardsia inachi
  • Entacmaea quadricolor
  • Epiactis prolifera
  • Epizoanthus couchii
  • Epizoanthus fiordicus
  • Glyphoperidium bursa
  • Gonactinia prolifera
  • Gyractis octoradiata
  • Gyractis verrucosa
  • Halcampa arctica
  • Halcampoides sp
  • Halcampoides mediterranea
  • Halcurias pilatus
  • Heteractis aurora
  • Heterodactyla hemprichii
  • Hormathia lacunifera
  • Hormathia nodosa
  • Hormathia pacifica
  • Hormathia pectinata
  • Hormosoma scotti
  • Isaurus tuberculatus
  • Isoparactis fabiani
  • Isoparactis fionae
  • Isosicyonis alba
  • Korsaranthus natalensis
  • Liponema brevicornis
  • Macrodactyla doreensis
  • Megalactis griffithsi
  • Mesozoanthus fossii
  • Metridium farcimen
  • Metridium lobatum
  • Metridium senile
  • Metridium senile fimbriatum
  • Nemanthus sp
  • Oulactis concinnata
  • Pachycerianthus multiplicatus
  • Pachycerianthus solitarius
  • Paracondylactis sinensis
  • Paracorynactis hoplites
  • Paraisanthus tamarae
  • Paranthus niveus
  • Parazoanthus anguicomus
  • Parazoanthus axinellae
  • Parazoanthus elongatus
  • Peachia cylindrica
  • Phellia exlex
  • Phelliactis callicyclus
  • Phyllodiscus semoni
  • Phymactis papillosa
  • Phymanthea pluvia
  • Phymanthus crucifer
  • Phymanthus species
  • Protanthea simplex
  • Protopalythoa mutuki
  • Pseudocorynactis caribbeorum
  • Ptychodactis aleutiensis
  • Ptychodactis patula
  • Radianthus crispa
  • Radianthus magnifica
  • Radianthus malu
  • Rhodactis inchoata
  • Rhodactis indosinensis
  • Ricordea yuma
  • Sagartia elegans
  • Sicyonis heliodiscus
  • Spongiactis japonica
  • Stichodactyla gigantea
  • Stichodactyla haddoni
  • Stichodactyla tapetum
  • Stomphia coccinea
  • Telmatactis sp
  • Triactis producta
  • Urticina clandestina
  • Urticina columbiana
  • Urticina crassicornis
  • Urticina eques
  • Urticina felina
  • Urticina grebelnyi
  • Urticina kurila
  • Urticina mcpeaki
  • Verrillactis paguri

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